Hair, Hair Care, Hair Loss, Medical Health, Wigs Canada, Wigs Toronto

Why Hair Loss Occurs in Women

hair loss Hair loss is a frustrating and distressing issue that might affect a woman’s mental and physical health on a long term. Knowing the causes of this process, could be a good start for better dealing with it and finding solutions. There are multiple causes of hair loss in women such as hormonal imbalance, stress, cancer therapy, genetic factors, hair products, and various scalp conditions.

Stress
Medical investigations showed that high levels of stress lead to three different types of hair loss: trichotillomania, the telogen phase, and alopecia areata. Trichotillomania represents the compulsive need to pull out your head from the scalp in order to face negative feelings, anxiety, loneliness, and uncomfortable life situations.
Sometimes large amounts of stress (drastic diets, intense training, or the loved one’s death) step in the hair growth cycle by pushing the hair into the telogen stage (the resting phase) so that the hair stops growing and falls out easily during washing or combing. Alopecia areata is another disorder related to stress and hair loss, when by mistake the immune system causes damages to hair follicles. In most of the alopecia areata cases, women recover their hair in a few months although sometimes the new hair might be thinner and whiter.

hair loss in women
Androgenetic alopecia
Androgenetic alopecia affects one of five women with ages ranging from puberty to post-menopausal period. This condition may appear due to genetic inheritance as well as to environmental factors. Recent studies revealed that variations of the AR gene determine an increased level of the hormones called androgens in hair follicles, which shortens the hair growth process leading to thin and easy breakable strands of hair. Differently from men, where androgenetic alopecia is limited to hair thinning on several areas of the head such as crown, sides, and front, many women deal with thin hair all over the scalp.
Scalp conditions
Ringworm is a contagious fungal infection that causes bald patches with a reddish ring around the edges and normal skin tone in the middle. The fungus enters into the hair, consumes its keratin and weakens the hair fiber, which becomes brittle and breakable.
Scalp folliculitis is associated with the inflammation and infection of hair follicles. In general, this disorder occurs when the hair follicles are irritated due to friction from clothes, shaving, tight braids made close to the scalp, and insect bites.
Hormonal imbalances
A common cause of hair loss in women is the hormonal imbalance induced by pregnancy, child’s birth, menopause, or stress. The low levels of estrogen, insulin, and thyroid lead to thinning hair, risk of androgenetic alopecia occurrence, and sudden hair loss.
Hair products and styling
Frequent bleaching, coloring, and usage of heat styling tools as well as hairstyles like tight ponytails, braids, and buns put additional stress on the hair roots and disturb the normal hair growth process. You can solve this problem by simply changing your hair styling habits and slowing down the use of harsh hair products.
Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy kills the cancer cells but affects the hair follicles too. Although most patients experience a total hair loss, new hair starts to grow 3-4 months later after the treatment stops.

 

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Medical Health, Wigs Canada

Women & Breast Cancer

breast cancer detetection, cancer wigsBreast cancer is a form of cancer that, as the name implies, occurs in a person’s breast tissues. What is important to know is that even though it is much more common in women, it is not impossible for men to develop it.

Breast cancer may or may not show clear signs. In very early stages, signs are not as prominent, which is why it makes a big difference for women if they get regular screening tests done. It is also crucial to do so for women of the age of 40 or over.

However, it can develop in women as young as 20 as well, which is exactly why each and every one should know how to examine themselves. Detection is the first stage of treatment and to an early recovery.

Firstly, let’s look at the risks; if you have one or more of the following then you are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer than other people. If you:

Haven’t been pregnant before

Have a family member who has had breast cancer

Have had breast cancer before

Are over-weight (obese)

Have had a first child after you turned 30

Have a high intake of tobacco (i.e. if you are a regular smoker)

If your intake of food consists highly of fats

How to detect breast cancer

There are several ways of detecting breast cancer, the most common self-exam method is to feel around your breast area for any sort of unusual lumps, this also includes checking around your armpit for the lumps. It is not always a sign that breast cancer is present, but if a lump is felt the best thing to do is to get it checked out by a doctor, because lumps are one of the typical symptoms involved in having breast cancer.

Other symptoms usually felt by people with breast cancer include swelling of the breast, which is not the same thing as a lump. There is often bleeding from the nipple area, there could possibly be skin irritation along the breasts, an unusual redness of the breasts, nipples might turn inward and in some cases, if there is pain felt in those parts of your body, it could be a sign of danger. Anything unusual should be a signal for you to be more cautious and aware of your breasts and if you feel there is something wrong, it is best not to hesitate when seeking treatment.

Mammograms are most commonly used in helping find signs of breast cancer. These would be X-ray images of your breasts. These are in fact, also often used for people who have already developed breast cancer to see how certain treatments are effecting its growth.

Magnetic resonance imaging, known as MRI, are also done to detect breast cancer, however it is known as the less reliable method as compared with mammograms. It is mostly used to find out the real size of the cancer.

Then, there are ultrasounds for the breasts. Which involves the usage of sound waves and echoes to create an image on the computer screen that can be examined. Again, it is not as reliable as mammograms.

Other methods usually involve examining nipple discharge in women, which are examined and tested to find the presence of cancer cells.

All women of the age of 20 and over should regularly check themselves or get a professional to do so. It is important to have at least annual check-ups and it is important to focus on good health and keeping yourself away from a bad life style. As long as someone is careful, aware of their own body and gets regular check-ups, even the presence of breast cancer can be a positive thing if people know they have discovered it in its early stages. The sooner you detect it, the sooner it can be treated.

For more information about breast cancer, please check with your family physician or contact the Canadian Cancer Society for a referral to mammography clinic in your area for free screening.